Friday, October 17, 2014

The Scribble II-Fall 2014

Upcoming Fall Activities

Even though the museum is closed, the Cavendish Historical Society (CHS) is very active. Not only is the Young Historians program at Cavendish Town Elementary School in full swing,  we also have several community activities coming up:

November 1 (Saturday): Annual Dia de los Muertos Workshop:  Half way between fall and winter solstice, many cultures believe this is a time when those who have died return to visit the living. Our focus is on the South American customs, particularly Mexico. The workshop will take place from 3-5 at Gethsemane Episcopal Church, off of Depot Street, Parish Hall. Workshop activities will include: Sand painting, skull cookie decorating; sugar skull decorating (they're made of plaster); papel picado (Mexican paper cut banners); paper flowers; and creation of a community altar. This is a free event but donations are appreciated.

November 8 (Saturday): Fall dinner and sale, 5:30-7 at the Cavendish Town Elementary School. Menu includes Pork Roast, mashed potatoes and gravy, vegan option for main dish, green beans, butternut squash, applesauce, homemade biscuits, dessert (crisps, pies and ice cream) Gluten free options. Books and other items including “crickets” wooden benches from the Cavendish Stone Church will be on sale. The cost is $10 for Adults, $5 for children under 12 and free for children under 6.

For more information about these events, please call 802-226-7807 or e-mail margoc@tds.net


A Yankee Lifestyle for Today

The hardscrabble life of the early settlers to Cavendish and other parts of New England required that they “use it up, wear it out, make it do or do without.” Yankee thrift was key to survival.

The founding Cavendish families-Coffeens, Duttons and Proctors- had to live within their means as credit cards, mass produced goods, and even “labor saving devices” were unknown. Fortunately, they were not continually bombarded, in all directions with advertisements and other strategies to make them want to spend money.

 If we could channel John and Suzanna Coffeen, or the other “first couples of Cavendish” these are suggestions they might have as to how we can adopt their guiding principles of thrift:

Differentiating between Needs and Wants: Ask yourself the following questions before making purchases:
• Is it essential for my health and well-being? Food, housing, clothing, medications and means of mobility are essential. Within that are elements that separate a need from a want. Things like sodas, snack foods, luxury clothes and cars are not essential. Nuts versus cake for food, water over soda, are examples of choices that meet the need in an affordable and healthy manner.
• Do you measure your self worth by what you have versus who you are? Do you want something because someone else has it or is it something you need?

Adopt the Buyerarchy: Reflect what you collect; Use what you have; Borrow what you need; Swap; Make it yourself; Try a thrift store and Buy only when you’ve tried the other options, and then when it’s on sale. Use cash, versus a credit card, as you’ll spend less and are smarter in your selection.

Develop social capital: Volunteerism was key then and it continues to this day. Activities, such as a barn raising or a sewing bee, were opportunities for people to socialize, check in on their neighbors and get something done. Basically, if you want to make sure someone is going to be there when you need the help, be there for others.

Downsize Possessions: What brings us joy and contentment is our connections with one another not the pile of stuff in the closet. The more stuff you own, the more it owns you.

Entertainment:
-       • Significantly reduce or eliminate TV:  By not watching TV, you reduce exposure to advertisements, reduce energy bill, and have more time to do other things, like take a course at the local adult learning center on basic home repair. If you don’t want to give up TV, consider switching to video streaming which generally doesn’t have ads and is considerably cheaper than a cable bill.
-       • Use the library: Don’t buy what you can borrow. Libraries aren’t just for books, as you can borrow videos, books on tape and use computers to check e-mail. 
-       • Board games last longer than video games and you can play them when the power is out.
-       • Take advantage of local opportunities and enjoy nature
-      •  Entertain at Home: All of the first families owned inns/taverns, so they definitely entertained at home.

Do it Yourself: Not only does it save money, but it gives you the sense of a job well done.

Spend Time with Those Who Share Similar Values: If your closest friends prefer to spend their time shopping and maxing out their credit card, chances are your going to feel it’s the “norm” to do likewise. We are very influenced by the company we keep so if you want to keep your costs under control, socialize more with friends and family who feel the same way.

For more tips on thrifty living, check out the Cavendish Connects Yankee Thrift Pinterest Board.

Are You a Good Ancestor?
The famous polio vaccine pioneer Dr. Jonas Salk’s asked the question, “Are we being good ancestors?” which is interpreted to mean how one’s actions shape the likelihood that future generations enjoy a healthy society and environment. Because we’re a historical society, and the most frequent request we receive is for information about ancestors, we want to suggest that being a good ancestor also includes developing a strong family narrative and sharing it.

Research has shown that those who know their family’s history do better when they face challenges. This is particularly helpful for children who know the ups and downs of their family’s history. Yes, we owned a profitable business and various members served on important boards and in government, but there were also adversities-house fire, divorce, Aunt was arrested etc. This helps people understand they belong to something bigger and that they can persevere.

Interestingly, knowing “the story” isn’t just limited to families, it also has been found to be helpful for schools, organizations, businesses and even towns. During Irene, one of the most frequent questions we received was how did the people in 1927 deal with the aftermath of the flood?

Fortunately, there was a great deal written and documented, and this was made available at the shelter and at the Museum. Soon there was a buzz about town. People were pulling together getting things done and remarking, “just like they did in 1927.” Less than two months after the flood, Cavendish celebrated its 250th anniversary. More than one person commented about the importance of showing future generations, that if we could pull it together to honor our town, they too can manage the crises they face.

So what you can do to create your family’s story for future generations:
• If your family already has a tradition for recording family lore, keep it going.

• Use the “Do You Know Scale” (Bruce Feiler “The Secrets of Happy Families”) as a guide for what to document:
1. Do you know how your parents met?
2. Do you know where your mother grew up?
3. Do you know where your father grew up?
4. Do you know where some of your grandparents grew up?
5. Do you know where some of your grandparents met?
6. Do you know where your parents were married?
7. Do you know what went on when you were being born?
8. Do you know the source of your name?
9. Do you know some things about what happened when your brothers or sisters were being born?
10. Do you know which person in your family you look most like?
11. Do you know which person in the family you act most like?
12. Do you know some of the illnesses and injuries that your parents experienced when they were younger?
13. Do you know some of the lessons that your parents learned from good or bad experiences?
14. Do you know some things that happened to your mom or dad when they were in school?
15. Do you know the national background of your family (such as English, German, Russian, etc)?
16. Do you know some of the jobs that your parents had when they were young?
17. Do you know some awards that your parents received when they were young?
18. Do you know the names of the schools that your mom went to?
19. Do you know the names of the schools that your dad went to?
20. Do you know about a relative whose face "froze" in a grumpy position because he or she did not smile enough?

• Seek out family memories and stories from your relatives

•  Organize materials that be easy for your family to access. This can include: scrapbook, website, photo album (be sure to label all photographs), video, digital record, book etc.

• Share the story. Anytime is a good time for storytelling. Whether it’s sitting around the table after Thanksgiving dinner or when driving your child or grandchildren to an activity. The day after Thanksgiving is the National Day of Listening. StoryCorps started this holiday in 2008 and suggests taking an hour to record an interview with a loved one.

The Pinterest site Researching Your Cavendish Roots has other links to help you with this project. 

There is one last thing you can do, donate to CHS (see form on the last page) in order that we can continue to be the keeper of Cavendish’s stories and history.


Carmine Guica Autobiography is Back in Print

If you missed out on purchasing Carmine’s autobiography about life in Cavendish, WWII and the early days of  the Cavendish Historical Society, we’re happy to let you know it’s back in print. The cost is $15 plus $5 for shipping and handling. Checks should be made payable to CHS and mailed to PO Box 472, Cavendish, VT 05142.

                                                Cavendish Historical Society Board
Dan Churchill
Jen Harper
Bruce McEnaney
Kem Phillips
Gail Woods

Margo Caulfield Coordinator

Proctorsville Mill. Check out the Cavendish, VT Facebook page for pictures of Cavendish past and present. 
BECOME A MEMBER, RENEW YOUR MEMBERSHIP, DONATE

If you have not joined the Cavendish Historical Society, need to renew your membership, and/or would like to be a volunteer, please complete the form below and sending a check, payable to CHS, to CHS, PO Box 472, Cavendish, VT 05142. All contributions are tax deductible.

Name: _______________________________________

Address: _______________________________________________


Phone Number: _____________________    E-Mail: ____________________________
Membership Level
__ Individual Member $10  ___ Senior Member 65+ $5  ___ Sustaining Member $500
__ Household Member $15  ___ Contributing Member $250                            

Volunteer
___ I would be interested in serving, as a volunteer .I would be interested in serving on the following committee(s):__ Program Planning          __ Fundraising    __ Building (Museum)
__Archives                       _ Budget           ­­–– Cemetery    __ Hands on History

Donations are always welcome and can be designated as follows:
__ For general purposes                   __ Educational Programs           __Publications
__ Archaeological Activities               _ Museum & Archival             __ Special Events
__ Rankin Fund                             __  Williams Fund                            __ Hands on History
__ Other (please specify)                   __ Cemetery Restoration        





Monday, October 13, 2014

A Yankee Lifestyle for Today


The hardscrabble life of the early settlers to Cavendish and other parts of New England required that they “use it up, wear it out, make it do or do without.” Yankee thrift was key to survival.

The founding Cavendish families-Coffeens, Duttons and Proctors- had to live within their means as credit cards, mass produced goods, and even “labor saving devices” were unknown. Fortunately, they were not continually bombarded, in all directions with advertisements and other strategies to make them want to spend money.

If we could channel John and Suzanna Coffeen, or the other “first couples of Cavendish” these are suggestions they might make as to how we can adopt their guiding principles of thrift:

Differentiating between Needs and Wants: Ask yourself the following questions before making purchases:
• Is it essential for my health and well-being? Food, housing, clothing, medications and means of mobility are essential. Within that are elements that separate a need from a want. Things like sodas, snack foods, luxury clothes and cars are not essential. Nuts versus cake for food, water over soda, are examples of choices that meet the need in an affordable and healthy manner.
• Do you measure your self worth by what you have versus who you are? Do you want something because someone else has it or is it something you need?

Adopt the Buyerarchy: Use what you have; borrow what you need; swap; make it yourself; try a thrift store and buy only when you’ve tried the other options, and then when it’s on sale. Use cash, versus a credit card, as you’ll spend less and are smarter in your selection.

Develop social capital: Volunteerism was key then and it continues to this day. Activities, such as a barn raising or a sewing bee, were opportunities for people to socialize, check in on their neighbors and get something done. Basically, if you want to make sure someone is going to be there when you need the help, be there for others.

Downsize Possessions: What brings us joy and contentment is our connections with one another not the pile of stuff in the closet. The more stuff you own, the more it owns you.

Entertainment:
-       • Significantly reduce or eliminate TV:  By not watching TV, you reduce exposure to advertisements, reduce energy bill, and more time to do other things, like take a course at the local adult learning center on basic home repair. If you don’t want to give up TV, consider switching to video streaming which generally doesn’t have ads and is considerably cheaper than a cable bill.
-       
      • Use the library: Don’t buy what you can borrow. Libraries aren’t just for books, as you can borrow videos, books on tape and use computers to check e-mail. 
-       
      • Board games last longer than video games and you can play them when the power is out.
-       
      • Take advantage of local opportunities and enjoy nature
-      
      • Entertain at Home: All of the first families owned inns/taverns, so they definitely entertained at home.

Do it Yourself: Not only does it save money, but it gives you the sense of a job well done.

Spend Time with Those Who Share Similar Values: If your closest friends prefer to spend their time shopping and maxing out their credit card, chances are your going to feel it’s the “norm” to do likewise. We are very influenced by the company we keep so if you want to keep your costs under control, socialize more with friends and family who feel the same way.


Check out the Cavendish Connects Pinterest Board for lots of ways to be Yankee Thrifty.

Saturday, October 11, 2014

CHS Fall Events/Updates About Current Projects

Cemetery Tour: Sunday, Oct. 12 is the last day the Museum will be open. It's also our annual cemetery tour. We will be exploring the Old Revolutionary Cemetery recently cleaned by Kem and Svetlana Phillips. If you are interesting in going on the tour, be at the Museum by 2 pm. The Museum is open from 2-4 pm.

Dias de los Muertos Workshop: Nov. 1 is our annual Dias de los Muertos workshop, from 3-5 at the Gethsemane Episcopal Church off of Depot Street. Activities include: Sand painting, skull cookie decorating; sugar skull decorating (they're made of plaster); papel picado (Mexican paper cut banners); paper flowers; and creation of a community altar. 

Both of these activities are free, though donations are always appreciated

Fall Supper and Sale: Nov. 8 is the first of what we hope will be a tradition of annual fall supper and sale. The menu will include pork roast, mashed potatoes and gravy, vegan option for main dish, green beans, butternut squash, applesauce, homemade biscuits, dessert (crisps, pies and ice cream) Gluten free options. Sale items, beside the normal CHS books and photographs, we will also be selling some of the “crickets” wooden kneelers from the Cavendish Stone Church. Cost is $10 for Adults, $5 for children under 12 and free for children under 6.

Solzhenitsyn Project: The children's book  The Writer Who Changed History: Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn  is getting closer to publication. We're working on Internet outreach, which will include study guides that teachers, librarians and others can use. While a website and Facebook will be available on-line in the very near future, the Pinterest site is up and items are being posted daily. 

This wouldn't have been possible without the incredible dedication of the Solzhenitsyn family, Svetlana Phillips, Katie Hamlin, Julia Gignoux  and the financial backing of the Cavendish Community Fund, Vermont Humanities Council and private donations. A special note of thanks to Isabelle Gross who was the inspiration for the book. 

We're still waiting to hear whether we've received a grant to help with the repairs at the Stone Church, which will be the permanent home of the Solzhenitsyn exhibit. Until some of the work on the roof and belfry is complete, we are hesitant to install the exhibit. 

Donations are always appreciated and can be made by sending a check, payable to CHS, and mailed to PO Box 472, Cavendish VT 05142. For additional information, please call 802-226-7807 or e-mail margoc@tds.net

Hope to see you at one of our upcoming events. 

Thursday, September 25, 2014

Russian Games

On Wednesday,  Sept. 24, the first and second graders came to the CHS Museum where they learned about biographies and how people age by viewing the Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn exhibit. They were fortunate to have his son Ignat on hand to answer questions. How could it be that the picture of the cute baby could be Ignat’s father?


While one group of children were inside the Museum, the rest learned to play a variety of Russian games. Below are the rules for Caraway and Wizard.

Caraway: One child is in the middle and the rest of the students join hands and form a circle. As they start walking in a circle, they say:
Caraway, Caraway
You can go anyway.
You can go left (the circle moves to the left)
You can go right (the circle moves to the right)
You can stand tall (joined hands are raised over head)
You can stand small (with hands still joined, squat down).

The child in the middle tries to break through the joined hands at any time.  Once they've broken through, the child to their left stands in the middle and the game continues. 

Wizard: One child is picked as the "wizard." It's best to define a play area, the smaller the better. The Wizard says "go" and the children start running. As the Wizard touches a player, they must stop and freeze. They yell, "help me" and other children can come by and unfreeze them. The game continues until everyone is frozen or they reach a set time. A minute at a time is best for young children. 

Thank you to Carolyn and Ignat Solzhenitsyn and Svetlana Phillips for help with this program. 

Museum Scavenger Hunt

This past week, the Cavendish Town Elementary School 4th graders spent the morning at the Museum on a scavenger hunt. Below is the form they used. How many of these items have you seen? The Museum is open for a few more Sundays-last day is Oct. 12-from 2-4 pm. Stop by and see how many things you can find.





School Days
• Find three types of desks that students used.

• Find the “white board” that was used in the 1800s one room schoolhouse.

• Name one of the books used by Cavendish students many years ago.

• What was the name of the first school house in Cavendish? Where is it located in the Museum?

Around the House
• Rub a Dub Dub-What were the different ways people cleaned and dried their clothes?

• How many chairs can you find that were made in Cavendish? What colors are they?

• Stoves can be used for many different things. Find the three stoves in the Museum. What were they used for?

• What did people do for entertainment? What kinds of games did children play? Look all around the Museum for clues.

• At the end of the day, when work was done, how did they spend their leisure (free) time?

In the Kitchen: Look at the kitchen wares case. How many things can you identify? Can you find the ice cream scoop?

Made in Cavendish: Lots of things were manufactured in Cavendish. How many examples can you find? List them. What is manufactured in Cavendish today?

Famous Cavendish Residents
• He had a tamping rod go through his head. What was his name? What kind of work did he do?

• When did Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn come to Cavendish? Why did he come?

Find
• A lamp that was made from plane parts. Where did the plane crash and in what year?

• Items people took on picnics. There are two types. See if you can find both. What kind of food do you think they packed?

• Three scales. What might have been weighed on them?

• Find the sign that hung over the Cavendish Depot (Train Station).

• Early 1900’s “CD player.” What did they use for listening to music?

• The “computers” that were used for typing and calculating.

Cavendish War Memorial
You can learn a lot of history from a war memorial.
• Why do you think this memorial was erected?

• What Civil War soldier was killed at St. Petersburg, April 2, 1865?

  How man soldiers from Cavendish died in WWII? Korea?

• Four soldiers died in WWI. Name them.